The Five First Saturdays devotion is one of the principal points of the Fatima message. It centers on the urgent need for mankind to offer reparation and expiate for the many injuries that the Immaculate Heart of Mary suffers from the hands of both impious and indifferent men.

How to Practice the Five First Saturday's Devotion

  1. Confession:
    Make a good confession during the 8 days prior to the first Saturday with the intention of offering reparation for the offences against Our Lady's Immaculate Heart.
  2. Communion:
    • You should attend Holy Mass and receive Holy Communion with the intention of offering reparation for the offences against Our Lady's Immaculate Heart.
    • The Communion should be received on the first Saturday of the month.
    • The Communion must be repeated for 5 consecutive months, without interruption, otherwise you must recommence from the beginning.
  3. Recite 5 decades of the Holy Rosary
  4. Meditate for 15 minutes on the mysteries of the Rosary
    Accompany Our Lady by meditating on the mysteries of the Holy Rosary. This can be done by reading the biblical texts of the mysteries of the Holy Rosary slowly thinking of their content. You could meditate on one mystery for 15 minutes at the end of the prayer as Sr Lucia did. This meditation is in addition to the recitation of the Rosary.

Why Five Saturdays?

Sister Lucia's confessor questioned her about the reason for the five Saturdays asking why not seven or nine. She answered him in a letter dated June 12, 1930. In it she related about a vision she had of Our Lord while staying in the convent chapel part of the night of the twenty-ninth to the thirtieth of the month of May, 1930. The reasons Our Lord gave were as follows:

The five first Saturdays correspond to the five kinds of offenses and blasphemies committed against the Immaculate Heart of Mary. They are:

  1. Blasphemies against the Immaculate Conception
  2. Blasphemies against her virginity
  3. Blasphemies against her divine maternity, at the same time the refusal to accept her as the Mother of all men
  4. Instilling indifference, scorn and even hatred towards this Immaculate Mother in the hearts of children
  5. Direct insults against Her sacred images

Our Lady expressed her request in the following words:

"See, my daughter, My Heart surrounded with thorns with which ingrates pierce me at every moment with blasphemies and ingratitude. You, at least, make sure to console me and announce that all those who for five months, on the first Saturdays, go to confession, receive Communion, say five decades of the Rosary and keep me company for 15 minutes meditating on the mysteries of the Rosary, with the purpose of making reparation to Me, I promise to assist them at the hour of death with all the graces necessary for the salvation of their souls."

— Our Lady, December 10, 1925